A Judicial Services Examination, also called Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination, is an entrance exam for law graduates. By qualifying for the exam, they can become members of the subordinate judiciary. Based on the exam results, the state governments appoint members of the lower judiciary. Let us learn about how to prepare for this exam.
Eligibility Criteria for Judicial Services Examination
- Lower Judiciary Services: A candidate must have secured a degree in LL.B. He should also be enrolled as a lawyer under the Advocates’ Act 1961. The candidate has to be between 21 to 35 years of age.
- Higher Judicial Services: Candidates must have secured a graduate degree in law. He/she should have seven years of experience in practising in the law field.
Structure of Judicial Services Examination
The exam is held in three stages as the Preliminary Exam, Mains, and Interview.
- Preliminary Exam: This exam is a means to shortlist candidates for the mains exam. It comprises objective type questions. The qualifying marks vary from one state to another. Generally, the qualifying percentage is 60% for the general category and 55 % for the reserved category.
- Mains Exam: This is a subjective exam. It comprises 3 to 4 papers. The marks of this exam will be considered for the final selection.
- Personal Interview: Candidates who pass the two stages are called for a personal interview. They are evaluated based on various factors such as general interest, intelligence, and personality.
Preparation Tips For Judiciary Exam
- It is advised that a candidate should start preparing in a reverse manner. This is because the syllabus of mains is vast. So, if a candidate studies for the mains exam, it becomes easier to qualify for the prelims exam.
- Make a study schedule and study all the topics mentioned in the syllabus once.
- Devote at least 10 to 12 hours for study. In addition to the test syllabus, also read the newspaper to be aware of general knowledge, current affairs, and recent judgments.
- Focus on the major topics as the Constitution of India, the Code of Civil Procedure, Code of Criminal Procedure, the Indian Evidence Act, and the Indian Penal Code.
- Watch any news channel for thirty minutes daily. It will help you improve your vocabulary and grammar.
- Opting for judiciary coaching is a beneficial decision for students. They get trained by expert professionals who have years of experience in the judiciary and are well aware and updated of the exam syllabus, pattern, etc.
- If possible, undergo an internship program that is generally offered in Law schools. It will help develop your principles and concepts and learn how to apply them in real-world situations.
- Be confident at the time of the interview. Have the right attitude. Be well-behaved and look perfect for the post. Prepare for personal and legal questions. You will be asked about areas such as family background, academics, general knowledge, work experience, home town, recent legal developments, procedural laws like CrPC, CPC, Domestic Violence Act, IPC, Evidence Act, Constitution, Personal Laws, Mercantile Laws, etc.
- Take as many mock tests as you can to prepare for all three stages of the exam. Several websites offer judiciary coaching online. They provide plenty of practise sessions and judiciary mock tests to students to get familiarized with the actual theory exam and one-on-one interview.
List of States That Are Conducting Judicial Exam 2020-21
Twenty states have announced vacancies in the Judicial Department of India for 2020-21.
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal